10 May 2004
The Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of
China, H.E. Wen Jiabao and the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the Rt Hon Tony Blair MP,
held talks in London on 10 May 2004 during Premier Wen Jiabao's
official visit to the UK.
Premier Wen Jiabao and Prime Minister Tony Blair today welcome
the comprehensive strategic partnership between China and the UK,
and pledge to work together to develop this partnership to benefit
our countries and to help create a safer, more prosperous and open
We share a common interest in Britain and China working together
on bilateral, multilateral and global issues. We see the
relationship between our two countries as among our top
China's sustained economic growth and development, and increasing
role as a global economic power has enabled the partnership to grow
significantly in stature in recent years. Links flourish in a huge
number of areas, from environment to education, development to
science and technology.
We agree that co-operation between China and the UK has increased
significantly since our last meeting in July 2003. We look forward
to continuing high level dialogue at the China-EU Summits in 2004
and 2005, the latter in Beijing under the UK Presidency of the EU,
and also at the summits between us that we have now agreed will take
Following Tony Blair's visit to China last year, we decided to
establish Task Forces to facilitate this step-change in bilateral
relations. These Task Forces have drawn in expertise from all parts
of society and have produced new proposals in Trade and Investment,
Finance, Energy, Education, Science and Technology, Environment -
including Climate Change - and Sustainable Development, and Culture.
We wish to thank Deputy Prime Minister John Prescott and State
Councillor Tang Jiaxuan, the respective Task Force Chairmen, and the
Task Force members for their work.
The breadth and depth of China-UK relations are illustrated by
the Task Forces' proposals and increasing co-operation on a growing
number of shared issues of international concern including
environmental management and protection, energy, non-proliferation,
counter-terrorism and tackling organised crime.
We agree to strengthen our countries' bilateral and multilateral
co-operation as follows:
1. To consolidate and strengthen the bilateral relationship:
(i) We agree to increase the exchange of high-level visits.
Government leaders and foreign ministers of the two countries will
exchange visits annually to reinforce and extend bilateral political
co-operation in fields such as strategic security and
(ii) We agree to intensify co-operation in broad areas of trade
and investment, which we will promote through the Joint Economic and
Trade Commission, in line with the recommendations of the Task
Forces which are set out in the Annex.
(iii) The two sides will also increase co-operation in the areas
of science, technology, education, culture and environmental
protection in line with the Task Forces' proposals. They signed a
number of memoranda of understanding during this visit to take
forward aspects of this co-operation.
(iv)We note the important role that the China-UK Forum has played
in bilateral relations and invite the Forum to consider its future
role, in particular in the areas of industry, financial services,
science, technology and the environment, in light of the proposals
made by the two Task Forces.
We had a friendly and open exchange of views on issues relating
to Hong Kong. We reaffirmed our two Governments' commitments to the
implementation of the Joint Declaration and agreed that it is in the
interests of both sides to maintain and promote Hong Kong's
prosperity and stability in accordance with the "one country,
two systems" principle and the Basic Law. We agreed to continue
our exchange of views on these issues.
The UK reaffirms its consistent position on the question of
Taiwan as set out in the China/UK Joint Communiqué of 1972, in
which the UK acknowledged the Chinese position that Taiwan is a
province of the People's Republic of China and recognised the
Government of the People's Republic of China as the sole legal
government of China.
We place a high value on the bilateral human rights dialogue and
will continue this exchange on the basis of equality and mutual
respect. Both sides share a belief that all states should respect
and protect human rights. The UK side welcomes the recent addition
of respect and protection for human rights to the Chinese
Constitution. The next round of the dialogue will take place in May
2004 and provides a genuine opportunity for concrete co-operation
between our two countries.
2. To consolidate and strengthen co-operation in multilateral
fora on issues of mutual and international concern.
Our countries will increase co-ordination in the UN to promote
reforms in the UN to meet the challenges of the 21st century and to
ensure greater respect for the UN Charter and international law. The
two sides are committed to expanding co-operation within the
framework of UN peacekeeping. China would like to strengthen
consultations with the UK, including on the Middle East and Iraq.
We reiterate our determination to combat terrorism. Our
governments will launch a China-UK anti-terrorism dialogue and
intensify exchanges and co-operation in this area.
We reiterate our determination to promote non-proliferation. The
UK welcomes China's commitment to non-proliferation and the actions
it has taken to that end, and in particular welcomes the steps taken
by China to strengthen its relationships with the non-proliferation
export control regimes. China appreciates the efforts of the UK in
promoting the resolution of the implementation of the NPT Safeguards
Agreement in Iran within the framework of IAEA, and in persuading
Libya to abandon WMD programmes. The UK also welcomes China's
leading role in the Six Party Talks on the nuclear issues on the
Korean peninsular. The two sides will intensify exchanges and
co-operation in security, arms control, disarmament and
We reaffirmed our commitments to work together to combat illegal
immigration. The two Governments signed a Memorandum of
Understanding on the Facilitation of Legitimate Travel and
Co-operation to Combat Illegal Immigration.
The two sides also endorse closer police co-operation. They
agree, in accordance with international legal instruments such as
the UN Convention Against Transnational Organised Crime, to enhance
information exchange and law enforcement co-operation and work
closely to crack down upon transnational crime.
Both sides speak highly of the positive achievements of the ASEM
in promoting equal partnership between Asia and Europe, and express
their readiness to further strengthen co-operation in the ASEM.
3. China and the UK pledge to enhance co-operation on
international economic problems and to promote sustainable
The two sides will work together for the attainment of the UN
Millennium Development Goals: the elimination of poverty, hunger,
disease, environmental degradation, illiteracy, discrimination
against women, and delivering the commitments made at the World
Summit on Sustainable Development at all levels, inter alia, through
the Commission for Sustainable Development(CSD).
Both sides are committed to international trade liberalisation
and they will continue to advance the Doha Development Agenda
negotiations. Both sides agree that realisation of the development
objectives is of fundamental importance for the success of the
round. They agree that it is in the interests of all WTO members to
reach a balanced conclusion of the Doha round as soon as possible,
and that they will work towards reaching a framework agreement in
2004. The UK and China agree to maintain their dialogue on this.
Both sides recognise the importance of effective protection of
Intellectual Property Rights and the vital role that protection of
IPRs plays in fostering foreign investment and creating a positive
business environment. Both sides agree to enhance mutual
co-operation on protection of IPRs. China will comply with its
commitments under relevant international IPR conventions or
agreements it has entered and protect the interests of IPR holders
according to its domestic laws.
China and the UK reiterate their support for the UN Framework
Convention on Climate Change and urge parties that have not yet done
so to ratify the Kyoto Protocol as soon as possible. The two sides
also urge all countries to make the most efficient use of energy
resources that they can, and call on all Annex 1 countries to lead
the way by making concerted efforts to reduce greenhouse gas
emissions so as to move towards the goals defined by the convention.
China and the UK recognise the importance of Principle 10 of the
Rio Declaration on Environment and Development which emphasises the
importance of access to information; public participation in
decision-making; and access to justice in environmental matters.
The two sides also agree to share scientific and economic
experience to take forward the China's and UK's efforts to achieve a
low carbon economy and sustainable development, and to accelerate
and develop the global market for climate friendly technologies,
including through the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency
The two sides reaffirm their wish to strengthen exchanges on
environmental issues including climate change, sustainable
management of natural resources, and measures to address forest law
enforcement(including illegal logging), conservation of water
resources, improving air quality and pollution control, and to learn
from each other on environment-related legislation, supervision and
Both sides will work together to help developing countries in
addressing poverty and other development-related problems so as to
better manage challenges posed by globalisation. The two sides place
particular emphasis on peace and security, the fight against
HIV/AIDS and sustainable development in Africa and give their full
support to African countries in their efforts to reach the
Millennium Development Goals.
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