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            汽车词汇·新译通翻译公司-专业汽车类翻译  

          ■新译通翻译公司

          汽车词汇

          轮椅升降机
          Wheel chair lift
          图例
          legend
          工位
          station
          吊运装置
          overhead hoist
          更衣室
          restroom
          1号厂房工艺布置方案图
          proposal of the Plant I layout
          合笼
          mate
          底盘平移台
          chassis shuttle
          车辆转移台
          bus transfer
          前围?#21069;?br> front wall angle cover
          后围侧板
          rear wall side cover
          保险杠
          bumper
          三类底盘
          three type chassis
          左侧围应力蒙皮
          R/S stretching skin (road side)
          中涂
          floating coat
          拼装台
          collector
          切割轮口
          wheel -arch cutting
          内饰
          trim
          线束
          harness
          返工
          re-doing
          轮罩护板
          wheel house
          发车前准备
          pre-delivery
          举升
          hoist
          小批量产品
          be pilot
          2 套
          two kits
          配电站
          power transformer substation
          裙板
          skirt
          发动机托架
          engine holding frame
          诊断报警系统
          diagnosis and alarming system
          互换性
          interchangeability
          缩微图纸
          microfiche files
          总装
          final assembly
          磷化
          phosphating
          仪表板
          dash board
          切齐
          trimming
          结构完整性
          structure integrity
          自动愈合的防腐材料
          self-healing corrosion preventative material
          长途客车
          inter-city bus
          改装厂
          refitting factory
          遮阳板
          sun visor
          随车工具
          tool box
          钢化玻璃
          toughened grass
          异形钢管
          special steel pipe
          全天候空调系统
          full range A/C
          强制通风
          ram-air ventilation
          停机时间
          downtime
          无公害柴油
          clean diesel
          宽敞悬臂式座椅
          roomy cantilevered seat
          防滑地板
          no-skid floor
          织物纹里铝合金
          textured aluminum extrution
          爬坡能力
          grade ability
          排水阀
          drain valve
          除湿器
          moisture ejector
          怠速时
          at idle
          琴式驱动桥
          banjo type drive axle
          通风口
          duct
          恒温控制
          thermostatic control
          平衡水箱
          surge tank
          变光开关
          simmer switch
          消音器
          muffler
          防破坏
          vandal resistant
          聚碳化透镜
          poly-carbonate len
          镀锌板
          galvanized plate
          搭接
          lap
          亮丽的外表
          smart apperance
          隐藏式固定
          concealed fastening
          水洼
          ponding
          发动机中置式客车
          bus with under floor engine
          组合式客车车身
          modular bus body
          薄壳式结构
          shell construction
          衬垫
          pad
          空气导流板
          air deflector
          搁梁
          shelf beam
          腰梁
          waist rail
          梭梁
          stabilizing beam
          腰带式安全带
          diagonal safety belt
          ?#22266;?br> trim strip
          嵌条
          insertion strip
          翼板
          fender
          斜撑
          bracing piece
          转向盘回正性试验
          test of steering wheel returnability
          转向盘转角脉冲试验
          steering wheel impulse input test
          转向盘转角?#33258;?#36755;入试验
          steering wheel step input or transient state yaw response test
          极限侧向加速度试验
          limiting lateral acceleration test
          汽车平顺?#36816;?#26426;输入行驶试验
          automobile ride random input running test
          汽车平顺性单脉冲输入行驶试验
          automobile ride single pulse input running test
          汽车悬挂系统固有?#24503;?#19982;阻尼比的测定试验
          measurement of natural frequency and damping raito of suspension
          功率突然变化影响试验
          test of effect of sudden power change
          收油门后控制试验
          test of control at breakway
          横风稳定性试验
          test of crosswind stability
          反冲试验
          kick-back test
          轮胎爆?#33889;?#24212;时间试验
          test of burst response of tyre
          绕过障碍物试验
          obstacle avoidance test
          ?#33889;?#35797;验
          lane change test
          J型转弯试验
          test of J turn
          ?#24503;?#21709;应时间试验
          frequency response test
          瞬态响应时间试验
          transient response test
          阶路响应时间试验
          step response test
          脉冲响应试验
          pulse response test
          静态操舵力试验
          static steering effort test
          悬架举升试验
          jack-up test of suspension
          耐翻倾试验
          test of overturning immunity
          轮辋错动试验
          rim slip test
          风?#35789;?#39564;
          wind tunnel test
          制动稳定性试验
          test of braking stability
          最小转弯?#26412;?#35797;验
          minimum turning diameter test
          操舵力试验
          steering effort test
          汽车发动机

          类型
          type
          发动机
          engine
          内燃机
          intenal combusiton engine
          动力机装置
          power unit
          汽油机
          gasoline engine
          汽油喷射式汽油机
          gasoline-injection engine
          火花点火式发动机
          spark ignition engine
          压燃式发动机
          compression ignition engine
          往?#35789;?#20869;燃机
          reciprocating internal combustion engine
          化油器式发动机
          carburetor engine
          柴油机
          diesel engine
          转子发动机
          rotary engine
          旋轮线转子发动机
          rotary trochoidal engine
          二冲程发动机
          two-stroke engine
          四冲程发动机
          four-stroke engine
          直接喷射式柴油机
          direct injection engine
          间接喷射式柴油机
          indirect injection engine
          增压式发动机
          supercharged engine
          风冷式发动机
          air-cooled engine
          油冷式发动机
          oil-cooled engine
          水冷式发动机
          water-cooled engine
          自然进气式发动机
          naturally aspirated engine
          煤气机
          gas engine
          液化石油气发动机
          liquified petroleum gas engine
          柴油煤气机
          diesel gas engine
          多种燃料发动机
          multifuel engine
          石油发动机
          hydrocarbon engine
          双燃料发动机
          duel fuel engine
          热球式发动机
          hot bulb engine
          多气缸发动机
          multiple cylinder engine
          对置活塞发动机
          opposed piston engine
          对置气缸式发动机
          opposed-cylinder engine
          十字头型发动机
          cross head engine
          直列式发动机
          in-line engine
          ?#20999;?#21457;动机
          radial engine
          筒状活塞发动机
          trunk-piston engine
          ?#22266;?#26519;发动机
          stirling engine
          套阀式发动机
          knight engine
          气孔扫气式发动机
          port-scavenged engine
          倾?#31508;?#21457;动机
          slant engine
          前置式发动机
          front-engine
          后置式发动机
          rear-engine
          中置式发动机
          central engine
          左侧发动机
          left-hand engine
          右侧发动机
          right-hand engine
          短冲程发动机
          oversquare engine
          长冲程发动机
          undersquare engine
          等径程发动机
          square engine
          顶置凸轮轴发动机
          overhead camshaft engine
          双顶置凸轮轴发动机
          dual overhead camshaft engine
          V形发动机
          V-engine
          顶置气门发动机
          valve in-head engine
          侧置气门发动机
          side valve engine
          无气门发动机
          valveless engine
          多气门发动机
          multi-valve engine
          卧式发动机
          horizontal engine
          斜置式发动机
          inclined engine
          立式发动机
          vertical engine
          W形发动机
          w-engine
          I形发动机
          I-engine
          L形发动机
          L-engine
          F形发动机
          F-engine
          性能
          performance
          二冲程循环
          two-stroke cycle
          四冲程循环
          four-stroke cycle
          狄塞尔循环
          diesel cycle
          奥托循环
          otto cycle
          混合循环
          mixed cycle
          定容循环
          constant volume cycle
          工作循环
          working cycle
          等压循环
          constant pressure cycle
          理想循环
          ideal cycle
          热力循环
          thermodynamic cycle
          冲程
          stroke
          活塞行程
          piston stroke
          长行程
          long stroke
          上行程
          up stroke
          下行程
          down stroke
          进气行程
          intake stroke
          充气行程
          charging stroke
          ?#39038;?#34892;程
          compression stroke
          爆炸行程
          explosion stroke
          膨胀行程
          expansion stroke
          动力行程
          power stroke
          排气行程
          exhaust stroke
          膨胀换气行程
          expansion-exchange stroke
          换气?#39038;?#34892;程
          exchange-compression stroke
          止点
          dead center
          上止点
          top dead center(upper dead center)
          ?#36718;?#28857;
          lower dead center(bottom dead center)
          上止点前
          budc(before upper dead center)
          上止点后
          atdc(after top dead cetner)
          ?#36718;?#28857;前
          bbdc(before bottom dead center)
          ?#36718;?#28857;后
          abdc(after bottom dead center)
          缸径
          cylinder bore
          缸径与行程
          bore and stroke
          空气室
          energy chamber
          气?#23376;嘞度?#31215;
          cylinder clearance volume
          燃烧室容积
          combustion chamber volume
          气缸最大容积
          maximum cylinder volume
          ?#39038;?#23460;
          compression chamber
          排气量
          displacement
          发动机排量
          engine displacement
          活塞排量
          piston swept volume
          气缸容量
          cylinder capacity
          单室容量
          single-chamber capacity
          容积法
          volumetry
          ?#39038;?#27604;
          compression ratio
          临界?#39038;?#27604;
          critical compression ratio
          膨胀比
          expansion ratio
          面容比
          surface to volume ratio
          行程缸径比
          stroke-bore ratio
          混合比
          mixture ratio
          ?#39038;?#21387;力
          compression pressure
          制动平均有效压力
          brake mean effective pressure(bmep)
          空燃比
          air fuel ratio
          燃空比
          fuel air ratio
          燃?#31995;?#37327;比
          fuel equivalence ratio
          扭矩
          torque
          单缸功率
          power per cylinder
          升功率
          power per liter
          升扭矩
          torque per liter
          升质量
          mass per liter
          减额功率
          derating power
          输出马力
          shaft horsepower
          马力小?#20445;?#39532;力时
          horsepower-hour
          总马力
          gross horse power
          总功率
          gross power
          净功率
          net power
          燃油消耗量
          fuel consumption
          比燃料消耗率
          specific fuel consumption
          空气消耗率
          air consumption
          机油消耗量
          oil consumption
          有效马力
          net horse power
          额定马力
          rated horse power
          马力重量系数
          horsepower-weight factor
          制动功率
          brake horse power
          制动热效率
          brake thermal efficiency
          总效率
          overall efficiency
          排?#30899;?#38480;功率
          smoke limiting horsepower
          功率曲线
          power curve
          机械损失
          mechanical loss
          机械效率
          mechanical efficiency
          有效热效率
          effective thermal efficiency
          充气系数
          volumetric efficiency
          过量空气系数
          coefficient of excess air
          适应性系数
          adaptive coefficient
          扭矩适应性系数
          coefficient of torque adaptibility
          转速适应性系数
          speed adaptive coefficient
          强化系数
          coefficient of intensification
          校正系数
          correction factor
          换算系数
          conversion factor
          活塞平均速度
          mean piston speed
          发动机转速
          engine speed (rotational frequency)
          怠速转速
          idling speed
          经济转速
          economic speed
          起动转速
          starting speed
          最低稳定工作转速
          lowest continuous speed with load
          最大扭矩转速
          speed at maximum torque
          最高空转转速
          maximum no load governed speed
          调速
          speed governing
          超速
          overspeed
          怠速
          idling
          转速波动率
          speed fluctuation rate
          工况
          working condition(operating mode)
          额定工况
          declared working condition
          变工况
          variable working condition
          稳定工况
          steady working condition
          空载
          no-load
          全负荷
          full load
          超负荷
          overload
          部分负荷
          part load
          充量(进气)
          charge
          旋转方向
          direction of rotation
          顺时针
          clockwise
          逆时针
          counter-clockwise
          左转
          left-hand rotation
          右转
          right-hand rotation
          外径
          major diameter
          中径
          pitch diameter
          内径
          minor diameter
          ?#26029;?#38388;隙
          radial clearance
          发动机性能
          engine performance
          加载性能
          loading performance
          起动性能
          starting performance
          加速性能
          acceleration performance
          动力性能
          power performance
          排放性能
          emission performance
          空转特性
          no load characteristics
          负荷特性
          part throttle characteristics
          调速特性
          governor control characteristics
          万有特性
          mapping characteristics
          稳定调速率
          steady state speed governing rate
          气缸体和气缸盖
          cylinder block and head
          气缸体
          cylinder block
          整体铸造
          cast inblock (cast enblock)
          发动机罩
          engine bonnet
          气缸体加强筋
          engine block stiffening rib
          气缸
          cylinder
          (转子机)缸体
          stator
          缸径
          cylinder bore
          气缸体机架
          cylinder block frame
          气缸盖
          cylinder head
          配气机构箱
          valve mechanism casing
          气缸体隔片
          cylinder spacer
          气缸盖密封环
          cylinder head ring gasket
          气缸盖垫片
          cylinder head gasket
          气缸套
          cylinder liner(cylinder sleeve)
          干式缸套
          dry cylinder liner
          湿式缸套
          wet cylinder liner
          气缸水套
          water jacket
          膨胀塞
          expansion plug
          防冻塞
          freeze plug
          气缸壁
          cylinder wall
          环脊
          ring ridge
          排气口
          exhaust port
          中间隔板
          intermediate bottum
          导板
          guideway
          创成半径(转子机)
          generating radius
          缸体宽度(转子机)
          operating width
          机柱
          column
          燃烧室
          combustion chamber
          主燃烧室
          main combustion chamber
          ?#27604;?#28903;室
          subsidiary combustion chamber
          预燃室
          prechamber
          涡流燃烧室`
          swirl combustion chamber
          分开式燃烧室
          divided combustion chamber
          涡流式燃烧室
          turbulence combustion chamber
          半球形燃烧室
          hemispherical combustion chamber
          浴盆形燃烧室
          bathtub section combustion chamber
          L形燃烧室
          L-combustion chamber
          楔形燃烧室
          wedge-section combustion chamber
          开式燃烧室
          open combustion chamber
          封闭喷射室
          closed spray chamber
          活塞顶内燃烧室
          piston chamber
          爆发室
          explosion chamber
          燃烧室容积比
          volume ratio of combustion cahmber
          燃烧室口径比
          surface-volume ratio of combustion chamber
          通道面积比
          area ratio of combustion chamber passage
          曲轴箱通气口
          crankcase breather
          凸轮轴轴承座
          camshaft bearing bush seat
          定时齿轮室罩
          camshaft drive(gear)cover
          曲轴箱检查孔盖
          crankcase door

          曲轴箱防爆门
          crankcase explosion proof door
          主轴承盖
          main bearing cap
          气缸盖罩
          valve mechanism cover
          飞轮壳
          flywheel cover
          扫气储器
          scavenging air receiver
          活塞
          piston
          裙部开槽活塞
          split skirt piston
          U形槽活塞
          U-slot piston
          滚花修复活塞
          knurled piston
          圆顶活塞
          dome head piston
          平顶活塞
          flat head piston
          凸顶活塞
          crown head piston(convex head piston)
          凹顶活塞
          concave head piston
          阶梯顶活塞
          step-head piston
          筒?#20301;?#22622;
          trunk piston
          椭圆?#20301;?#22622;
          oval piston
          抗热变?#20301;?#22622;
          autothermic piston
          不变间隙活塞
          constant clearance piston
          镶因瓦钢片活塞
          invar strut piston
          直接冷?#35789;?#27963;塞
          direct-cooled piston
          间接冷?#35789;?#27963;塞
          indirect cooled piston
          滑裙活塞
          slipper piston
          活塞速度
          piston speed
          活塞顶部
          piston head
          活塞裙部
          piston skirt
          整体活塞裙
          solid skirt
          活塞裙扩大衬簧
          piston skirt expander
          滑履式活塞裙
          slipper skirt
          隔热槽
          heat dam
          活塞标记
          piston mark
          活塞销
          piston pin
          活塞销孔
          piston pin boss
          活塞销衬套
          piston pin bushing
          全浮式活塞销
          full-floating piston pin
          半浮式活塞销
          semifloating piston pin
          固定螺钉式活塞销
          set screw piston pin
          活塞环
          piston ring
          组合式活塞环
          compound piston ring
          同心活塞环
          concentric piston ring
          偏心活塞环
          eccentric piston ring
          自由环
          free ring
          闭合环
          closed ring
          梯?#20301;?br> keystone ring
          半梯?#20301;?br> half keystone ring
          矩?#20301;?br> rectangular ring
          油环
          oil control ring
          开槽油环
          slotted oil control ring
          螺旋弹簧加载双坡口油环
          coil spring loaded slotted oil control ring
          涨环
          expander
          双坡口油环
          double bevelled oil control ring
          内上坡口
          internal bevel top
          内下坡口
          internal bevel bottom
          边缘坡口油环
          bevelled-ege oil control ring
          刮油环
          scrapper ring
          ?#25215;位?br> napier ring
          镀铬活塞环
          chrome plated piston ring
          活塞衬环
          piston ring expander
          活塞环槽
          piston ring groove
          活塞环区
          ring zone
          活塞环岸
          piston ring land
          活塞环内表面
          back of ring
          曲柄连杆机构
          connecting rod
          ?#34892;?#26354;柄连杆机构
          central-located connecting rod
          偏心曲柄连杆机构
          offset connecting rod
          铰接曲柄边杆机构
          hinged connecting rod
          连杆
          connecting rod
          连杆小头
          connecting rod small end
          连杆大头
          connnecting rod big end
          连杆杆身
          connecting rod shank
          副连杆
          slave connecting rod
          叉形连杆
          fork-and-blade connecting rod
          主连杆
          main connecting rod
          方形连杆
          boxed rod
          绞?#35789;?#36830;杆
          hinged type connecting rod
          活节式连杆
          articulated connecting rod
          连杆盖
          connecting rod cap
          连杆轴承
          connecting rod bearing
          曲轴
          crankshaft
          整体式曲轴
          one-piece crankshaft
          组合式曲轴
          assembled crankshaft
          右侧曲轴
          right-hand crankshaft
          左侧曲轴
          left-hand crankshaft
          改变行程的曲轴
          stroked crankshaft
          曲轴前端
          crankshaft front end
          曲轴主轴颈
          crankshaft main journal
          轴颈重叠度
          shaft journal overlap
          圆角
          fillet
          主轴承
          main bearing
          曲轴止推轴承
          crankshaft thrust bearing
          薄臂轴瓦
          thin wall bearing shell
          曲轴油道
          crankshaft oil passage
          曲柄
          crank
          曲柄臂
          crank arm
          曲柄销
          crank pin
          轴套
          bush
          曲柄转角
          crank angle
          曲柄半径
          crank radius
          ?#23376;?#22280;
          oil slander
          角度轮
          degree wheel
          动平衡机
          dynamic balancer
          平衡重
          balancer weight
          扭振减振器
          torshional vibration damper
          扭振平衡器
          torsion balancer
          谐振平衡器
          harmonic balancer
          振动平衡器
          vibration balancer
          曲轴链轮
          crankshaft sprocket
          转子轴颈
          rotor journal
          偏心轴
          eccentric shaft
          曲轴箱
          crankcase
          闭式曲轴箱通风装置
          closed-crankcase ventilating system
          飞轮
          flywheel
          飞轮齿圈
          flywheel ring gear
          飞轮芯棒
          cantilever
          飞轮芯轴
          flywheel spindle
          飞轮的惯量矩
          flywheel moment of inertia
          飞轮标记
          flywheel mark
          当量系统
          equivalent system
          当量轴长
          equivalent shaft length
          一级往复惯性力
          reciprocating inertia force,1st order
          二级往复贯性力
          reciprocating inertia force, 2nd order
          离心惯性力
          centrifugal inertia force
          配气机构
          valve gear
          凸轮轴
          camshaft
          凸轮
          cam
          整体式凸轮轴
          one-piece camshaft
          组合式凸轮轴
          assembled camshaft
          凸轮轴驱动机构
          camshaft drive
          赛车用凸轮轴
          race camshaft
          凸轮轴轴颈
          camshaft bearing journal
          凸轮轴轴承
          camshaft bearing
          凸轮轴偏心轮
          camshaft eccentric
          凸轮轴链轮
          camshaft sprocket
          凸轮轴正时齿轮
          camshaft timing gear
          凸轮轴齿轮
          camshaft gear wheel
          进口凸轮
          inlet cam
          排气凸轮
          ?
          exhaust cam
          快升凸轮
          quick lift cam
          快升缓降凸轮
          quick lift gradual clsing cam
          凸轮轮廓
          cam contour
          凸轮包角
          cam angle
          凸轮升程
          cam-lobe lift
          凸轮尖
          cam nose
          凸轮从动件
          cam follower
          齿轮传动机构
          gear drive
          正时齿轮
          timing gear
          ?#21019;?#21160;机构
          chain drive
          链轮
          sprocket wheel
          链轮盘
          chain sprocket
          正时链条
          timing chain
          带齿皮带
          toothed timing belt
          链条张紧轮
          chain tension gear
          半速齿轮
          half speed gear
          正时齿轮刻印记号
          timing gear punch mark
          气门
          valve
          进气过程
          intake process
          换气过程
          gas exchange process
          扫气过程
          scavenging process
          给气比
          delivery ratio
          分层充气
          stratified charge
          充量系数
          volumetric efficiency
          涡流比
          swirl rate
          进气涡流
          intake swirl
          螺旋进气道进气
          helical duct intake
          导流屏式气门进气
          masked valve intake
          切向进气道进气
          tangential duct intake
          进气紊流
          intake trubulence
          进气提前角
          intake advance angle
          进气?#20013;?#35282;
          intake duration angle
          进气迟后角
          intake lag angle
          进面值
          time-area value
          气门升程
          valve lift
          气门正时
          valve timing
          扫气口面积
          scavenging port area
          菌形气门
          mashroom valve, poppet valve
          钠冷却气门
          sodium filled valve(natrium cooled valve)
          双气门
          dual valve
          进气门
          intake valve (suction valve,inlet valve)
          排气门
          exhaust valve
          顶置气门
          overhead valve
          侧置气门
          side valve
          倾斜气门
          inclined overhead valve
          直立气门
          vertical overhead valve
          套筒式滑阀
          sleeve valve
          气门机构
          valve gear
          直接式气门驱动机构
          direct valve gear
          间接式气门驱动机构
          indirect valve gear
          气门杆
          valve stem
          加大气门杆
          oversize valve stem
          气门头
          valve head
          气门工作面
          valve face
          气门边限
          valve margin
          气门弹簧座
          valve-spring retainer
          气门锁片
          valve key
          气门间隙调节螺钉
          valve lash adjusting screw
          气门旋转器
          valve rotator
          气门室
          valve cage
          气门油封
          valve oil seal
          气门口
          valve port
          气门座
          valve seat
          气门座镶圈(?#26029;?#24335;气门座圈)
          valve seat insert(valve seat ring)
          气门座锥角
          valve seat angle
          气门座宽度
          valve seat width
          气门挺杆
          valve tappet(valve lifter)
          液力挺杆
          hydraulic tappet(lifter)
          无间隙挺杆
          zero-rush tappet (non-clearance tappet)
          筒形挺杆
          barrel type tappet
          油压挺杆
          ooil tappet
          滚轮挺杆
          roller tappet(lifter)
          挺杆转位
          tappet rotation
          排气门挺杆
          exhaust valve lifter
          气门导管
          valve guide
          气门杆导管
          stem guide
          气门重叠度
          stem overlap
          气门开启?#20013;?#26102;间
          valve duration
          气门正时标记
          valve timing sign
          气门弹簧
          valve spring
          气门内弹簧
          inner valve spring
          气门外弹簧
          outer valve spring
          刚性缓冲弹簧
          stiff buffer spring
          上紧弹簧
          energizing spring
          防振气门弹簧
          non-surging spring
          弹簧座圈
          spring retainer
          蝶形弹簧
          belleville spring
          滚柱
          roller
          气门室盖
          valve chamber cover
          摇臂
          rocker arm
          高升程摇臂
          high lift rocker arm
          摇臂轴
          rocker arm shaft
          推杆
          push-rod
          摇臂支架
          rocker arm bracket
          气门摇臂室罩
          valve rocker chamber cover
          导向轮
          guide wheel
          导杆
          slide bar
          导轨
          slide rail
          张紧轮
          tensioning wheel
          链条张紧调节装置
          assembly chain tension adjuster
          张紧带轮
          tensioning pulley
          传动带张紧装置
          belt tensioner
          同?#35282;?#21160;皮带
          synchronous belt
          同?#35282;?#21160;皮轮
          synchronous belt pulley
          供油系
          fuel system
          控制燃烧系统

          controlled combustion system
          ?#35789;?#27668;装置
          antipercolator
          电子燃油喷射
          electronic fuel injection
          蒸气回收装置
          vapor recovery system
          燃油蒸气回收系统
          fuel vapor recovery system
          液体回收装置
          liquid withdrawal system
          恒量净化管
          constant purge line
          碳罐净化管
          canister purge line
          供油量
          fuel delivery
          循环供油量
          fuel delivery per cycle
          额定供油量
          rated fuel delivery
          怠速供油量
          idling speed fuel delivery
          供油规律
          fuel supply rate curve
          油量调节装置
          fuel control unit
          供油提前角
          fuel supply advance angle
          进?#22270;?#37327;
          inlet metering
          几何供油行程
          geometric fuel delivery stroke
          供油率
          fuel supply rate
          燃油通道
          fuel gallery
          有效行程
          effective stroke
          剩余行程
          remainder stroke
          变行程计量
          variable stroke metering
          ?#28909;菪对?br> constant volume unloading
          变容?#23545;?br> variable volume unloading
          收缩容积
          retraction volume
          燃油喷油装置
          fuel injection equipment
          燃油喷射泵
          fuel injection pump
          滚轮式燃油喷射泵
          roll fuel injection pump
          凸轮轴式燃油喷射泵
          camshaft fuel injection pump
          直列式燃油喷射泵
          in-line fuel injection pump
          伺服式燃油喷射泵
          servo fuel injection pump
          底?#23458;?#32536;安装燃油喷射泵
          base flanged mounted fuel injection pump
          上部安装燃油喷射泵
          high flanged-mounted fuel injection pump
          侧向安装燃油喷射泵
          side-mounted fuel injection pump
          ?#30636;客?#32536;安装式燃油喷射泵
          end flange-mounted fuel injection pump
          V形燃油喷射泵
          vee fuel injection pump
          脉动式燃油喷射泵
          jerk fuel injection pump
          螺纹安装燃油喷射泵
          screw-mounted fuel injection pump
          蓄能式燃油喷射泵
          accumulator fuel injection pump
          往?#35789;?#29123;油喷射泵
          reciprocating fuel injection pump
          驱动轴式燃油喷射泵
          driveshaft fuel injection pump
          单缸式燃油喷射泵
          single cylinder fuel injection pump
          圆柱式燃油喷射泵
          cylindrical fuel injection pump
          旋转式燃油喷射泵
          rotary fuel injection pump
          分配式燃油喷射泵
          distributor fuel injection pump
          多缸燃油喷射泵
          multicylinder fuel injection pump
          框架安装式燃油喷射泵
          cradle mounted injection pump
          喷油始点
          fuel injection beginning
          喷油终点
          fuel injection end
          喷?#32479;中?#35282;
          fuel injection duration angle
          喷油延迟
          injection delay
          引燃喷射
          pilot injection
          启喷压力
          injection starting pressure
          峰值喷油扭矩
          peak injection torque
          峰值喷油压力
          peak injection pressure
          喷油泵油缸数目
          number of cylinders of an injection pump
          无气喷射
          solid injection
          喷射正时
          injection timing
          集中喷射
          group injection
          喷油器
          injector
          整体式喷油器
          unit injector
          喷嘴
          nozzle
          轴针式喷嘴
          pintle type nozzle
          环槽式喷嘴
          annular slot nozzle
          孔式喷嘴
          hole type nozzle
          长杆喷嘴
          long stem nozzle
          ?#35013;?#24335;喷嘴
          orifice plate nozzle
          开式喷嘴
          open nozzle
          闭式喷嘴
          closed nozzle
          喷油提前器
          timing advance unit
          喷射泵壳体
          injection pump housing
          针阀
          needle
          芯轴
          central spindle
          喷嘴壳体
          nozzle body
          针阀升程
          needle lift
          喷嘴?#20999;温?#27597;
          nozzle cap nut
          喷油器壳体
          nozzle holder
          突缘安装喷油器壳体
          flanged-mounted injection nozzle holder
          燃油喷射泵传动装置
          transmision of an injection pump
          喷嘴锥体
          nozzle hole cone
          柱塞
          plunger
          柱塞套
          barrel
          柱塞行程
          plunger stroke
          喷孔
          spray orifice
          海拔控制器
          altitude control
          提前器飞锤
          flyweight
          喷孔长径比
          ratio of nozzle hole length nozzle diameter
          喷嘴液动力特性
          nozzle hydrokinetic characteristics
          动态相位
          dynamic phase
          喷孔面积
          nozzle hole area
          喷嘴流通特性
          nozzle flow characteristic
          喷油背压
          injection back pressure
          高压油管
          high pressure pipe
          平均喷油扭矩
          mean injection torque
          喷油总效率
          overall pumping efficiency
          峰值喷油压力
          injection peak pressure
          预行程
          prestroke
          收缩行程
          retraction stroke
          燃油箱
          fuel tank
          油箱盖
          fuel tank
          油位表
          fuel level gauge
          注?#28034;?#21046;装置
          fill control system
          汽油箱
          gasoline tank( petrol tank)
          汽油供给管
          gasoline feed pipe
          加油管
          filler tube
          放油螺塞
          drain plug
          吸油管
          suction pipe
          刚性燃油管
          rigid fuel pipe
          进?#28034;?br> fuel feed hole
          供油管
          supply pipe
          通气管
          bleeding pipe
          通气管
          bleeding pipe
          泄油阀
          spill valve
          泄?#28034;?#21475;
          spill port
          进油阀
          inlet valve
          最大油量限制器
          maximum fuel stop
          滴油
          dribble
          燃油表
          fuel gauge
          输油泵
          feed pump
          燃油泵
          fuel pump
          附装燃油箱?#26800;?#30005;动燃油泵
          tank-mounted eletric fuel pump
          机械式燃油泵
          mechanical fuel pump
          膜片式燃油泵
          diaphragm fuel supply pump
          ?#38208;?#24335;供油泵
          vane fuel supply pump
          活塞式输油泵
          piston type fuel supply pump
          齿轮式输油泵
          gear fuel supply pump
          电动燃油泵
          eletric fuel pump
          带真空泵的汽油泵
          vacuum pump with fuel pump
          起动加油器
          primer
          起动给油杆
          primer lever
          燃油泵上体
          fuel pump body
          燃油泵下体
          fuel pump base
          燃油泵盖
          bowl cover
          进油口?#27833;?br> fuel inlet neck
          出油口?#27833;?br> fuel discharge port
          输出阀
          delivery valve
          泵油元件
          pump element
          回油阀部件
          fuel return valve assembly
          化油器
          carburetor
          化油器系统
          carburetor circuit
          简单化油器
          elementary carburetor
          单腔化油器
          single-barrel carburetor
          双腔并动化油器
          two-barrel dual carburetor
          双?#29615;?#21160;化油器
          two-barrel duplex carburetor
          四腔化油器
          four-barrel carburetor
          上吸式化油器
          updaught carburetor
          下吸式化油器
          downdraught carburetor
          平吸式化油器
          horizontal carburetor
          侧吸式化油器
          side-draft-carburetor
          高海拔?#38057;?#24335;化油器
          altitude compensating carburetor
          化油器附加器
          adaptor carburetor
          双腔式化油器
          twin-choke carburetor
          固定喉管式化油器
          fixed venturi carburetor
          可变喉管化油器
          variable venturi carburetor
          化油器?#27833;?br> carburetor adaptor
          阻风门
          choke valve
          阻风活塞
          choke piston
          阻风板
          choke plate
          自动阻风门
          automatic choke
          阻风门拉钮
          choke button
          电控自动阻风门
          electric-assisted choke
          阻风管
          choke tube
          喉管
          venturi
          双重或三重喉管
          double & triple venturi
          阻风门拉线
          choke cable
          化油器小喉管
          booster venturi
          浮子系
          float system
          浮子
          float
          环形浮子
          annular float
          同心式浮子
          concentric float
          浮子支销
          float hinge pin
          浮子针阀
          float needle valve
          阀针
          valve needle
          浮子油面
          float level
          浮子臂
          float arm
          侧置浮子室式
          side float type
          怠速阀
          idle valve
          怠速针阀
          idle needle
          省油器
          economizer
          省油器阀
          economizer valve
          辅助空气阀
          auxiliary air-valve
          加速?#36884;?br> accelerating well
          加速泵
          accelerating pump
          加速?#38376;?#22068;
          accelerating pump nozzle
          油门
          throttle
          手油门
          hand throttle
          节气门操纵?#30452;?br> throttle control lever
          真空加浓器
          vacuum booster
          加浓器
          excess fuel device
          量孔体
          jet block
          怠速量孔
          idle metering jet
          主量孔
          main metering jet
          剂量阀活塞
          dosage valve piston
          空气量孔
          air jet
          燃油滤清器
          fuel filter
          沉淀杯
          sediment bowl
          串联过滤器
          in-line filter
          燃油箱内装过滤器
          in-tank filter
          调速器
          governor
          飞球式调速器
          flyball governor
          调速器
          governor
          飞球式调速器
          flyball governor
          液压调速器
          hydraulic governor
          真空转速调速器
          vacuum speed governor
          惯性调速器
          inertia governor
          离心调速器
          centrifugal governor
          调速器重锤
          governor weight
          空气滤清器及进排气系统
          air cleaner and intake and exhaust sytem
          空气滤清器
          air filter
          冲压式空气滤清器
          ram air clearner
          恒温控制式空气滤清器
          thermostatic controlled air cleaner
          油浴式空气滤清器
          oil bath air cleaner
          纸质空气滤 清器
          paper air clearner
          旋流管式空气滤清器
          swirl tube air filter
          滤清器滤芯
          filter element
          空气滤清器壳体
          air filter housing
          空气滤清器盖
          air filter cover
          滤清器密封圈
          filter seal ring
          滤网
          sieve
          滤纸盘或膜
          filter paper disc or membrane
          进气和排气系统
          intake and exhaust system
          排气管
          exhaust pipe
          排气抽气管
          exhaust extraction duct
          扫气泵
          scavenging pump
          进气预热装置
          intake preheater
          进气歧管
          intake manifold
          进气歧管真空度
          intake manifold vacuum
          冷式进气歧管
          cold manifold
          冲压式进气歧管
          ram intake manifold
          排气歧管
          exhaust manifold
          脉冲式排气歧管
          pulse exhaust manifold
          等压排气歧管
          constant pressrue exhaust manifold
          排气歧管热量控?#21697;?br> exhaust manifold heat control valve
          超高度歧管
          high-rise manifold
          升温横跨管道
          heat crossover
          排气横跨管道
          exhaust crossover
          预热点
          hot spot
          阻风门加热器
          choke heater
          热空气导流管
          hot air duct
          隔热板
          heat shield
          排气再循环阀
          exhaust -gas-recirculation
          消声器
          silencer
          进气消声器
          intake silencer
          排气消声器
          exhaust silencer
          金属垫片式消声器
          steel pack muffler
          玻璃丝消声器
          glass pack muffler
          空洞消声器
          gutted muffler
          前排气管
          front exhaust pipe
          尾管
          tail pipe
          消声器联接管
          intermediate pipe
          热空气管
          hot air pipe
          曲轴箱通风管
          crankcase bleed pipe
          隔声罩
          acoustic hood
          进气消声器元件
          silencer element
          真空泵
          vacuum pump
          指示功率
          indicated power
          指示热效率
          indicated thermal efficiency
          指示油耗率
          indicated specific energy consumption
          示功图
          indicator diagram
          冷却系
          cooling system
          风冷
          air cooling
          水冷
          water-cooling
          循环流冷却系
          cooling recovery system
          自然循环液冷却系统
          natural circulation type cooling system
          热流循环液冷却系统
          thermo-siphon circulation type cooling system
          温差循环液冷却系统
          gravity circulation water cooling system
          压力式水冷却系统
          positive circulation cooling system
          加压式冷却法
          pressure type cooling
          水泵循?#38450;?#21364;系统
          pump circulation cooling system
          强制循环式化冷系统
          forced-feed water circulation system
          封闭式液冷系统
          sealed cooling system
          散热器
          radiator
          片式散热器
          finned radiator
          管式散热器
          tubular radiator
          蜂窝式散热器
          cellular radiator
          哈里逊式散热器
          Harrison type radiator
          带板式散热器
          ribbon type radiator
          上水箱
          upper tank
          下水箱
          lower tank
          涨溢箱
          expansion tank
          散热器芯
          radiator core
          之?#20013;?#31649;散热器芯
          film core
          管-片式散热器芯
          fin and tube core
          散热器加水口盖
          radiator filter cap
          压力式水箱盖
          radiator-pressure cap
          蒸气-空气泄放阀
          vapor-air release valve
          散热器护罩

          radiator cowl
          散热器百?#27934;?br> radiator shutter
          散热器保?#38109;?br> radiator roller blind
          散?#32469;?br> cooling fin
          缸盖散?#32469;?br> cylinder head fin
          缸体散?#32469;?br> cylinder block fin
          控温装置
          temperature regulating device
          恒温器
          thermostat
          恒温器主阀
          thermostat main valve
          恒温器旁通阀
          thermostat by-pass valve
          恒温器?#26377;?#27874;纹筒
          thermostat flexible bellows
          液体冷却设备
          liquid cooling equipment
          水泵
          water pump
          水泵体
          pump casing
          水泵叶轮
          water pump impeller
          旁通进水口
          water by-pass inlet neck
          循环泵
          circulating pump
          主进水口
          water main inlet port
          出水口
          water outlet port
          自调式水封
          self-adjusting seal unit
          溢流管
          overflow pipe
          导流板
          deflector
          风扇
          fan(blower)
          轴流式风扇
          axial flow fan
          离心式风扇
          centrifugal fan
          风扇壳体
          blower casing
          风扇导流罩
          fan cowl
          风扇毂
          fan hub
          风扇?#38208;?br> fan blade
          风扇叶轮
          blower impeller
          风扇导流定子
          blower stator
          风扇皮带轮
          fan pulley
          三角皮带
          v-belt
          风扇护罩
          fan shroud
          风扇叶轮?#38208;?br> impeller vane
          冷却用空气
          cooling air
          风扇导流?#38208;?br> stator vane
          强?#21697;?#20919;
          forced-air cooling
          自然风冷
          natural air cooling
          风道
          air ducting
          润滑系
          lubrication system
          润滑
          lubrication
          气缸上部润滑
          upper cylinder lubrication
          压力润滑
          pressure-feed lubrication
          压力润滑法
          forced lubrication
          自动润滑
          automatic lubrication
          飞溅润滑
          splash lubrication
          润滑周期
          lubrication interval
          边界润滑
          borderline lubrication
          曲轴箱机油油盘
          crankcase oil pan
          油底壳
          oil pan
          机油盘放油塞
          sump plug
          集油器
          oil collector
          机油泵
          oil pump
          计量式机油泵
          metering oil pump
          齿轮式机油泵
          gear type oil pump
          转子式机油泵
          rotor-type oil pump
          机油泵出油管
          oil pump outlet pipe
          放油口
          oil drain hole
          油道
          oil duct
          断油开关
          cut-off cock
          机油散热器
          oil cooler
          机油滤清器
          oil filter
          机油粗滤器
          primary oil filter
          机?#36884;?#28388;器
          secondary oil filter
          全流式机油滤清器
          full-flow oil filter
          分流式机油滤清器
          by-pass oil filter
          离心式机油滤清器
          centrifugal oil filter
          整体式滤芯
          integral filtering element
          细滤器滤芯
          filter element
          滤清器壳
          filter box
          滤片
          filtering disc
          机?#22270;?#21387;器
          oil pressure relief valve
          旁通阀
          by-pass oil filter
          机油滤网
          oil strainer
          加机?#28034;?br> oil filter cap
          滤芯轴
          filter shaft
          ?#32441;?#32452;件
          cleaning edge
          机油量尺
          dipstick
          机油滤网
          oil strainer
          增压器
          supercharger
          增压和扫气装置
          pressure-charging and scavenging unit
          增压装置
          supercharging device
          ?#26032;?#22686;压器
          turbo-charger
          气波增压器
          comprex pressure wave supercharger
          增压器阻风阀
          supercharger blast gate
          增压器调节容气量的旁通阀
          supercharger control bypass
          增压器叶轮
          supercharger impeller
          惯性增压
          inertia supercharging
          机械增压
          mechanical supercharging
          ?#26032;?#22686;压
          turbo-charging
          增压比
          supercharge ratio
          增压压力
          boost pressure
          增压中冷
          inter-cooling
          中冷度
          inter-cooling level
          增压度
          supercharging level
          喘振
          surge
          喘振线
          surge line
          轴流式?#26032;?br> axial-flow turbine
          脉冲进气
          ram charging
          发动机试验
          engine test
          发动机试验规程
          engine test procedure
          发动机技术要求
          engine technical requirements
          标准大气状况
          standard atmospheric conditions
          大气压力
          atmospheric pressure
          进气温度
          inlet air temperature
          进气温度
          inlet air temperature
          功率校正
          power correction
          功率标定
          power rating
          功率换算
          power conversion
          校正系数
          correction factor
          换算系数
          performance test
          性能试验
          performance test
          起动性能试验
          starting ability test
          怠速试验
          idle running test
          道路负荷试验
          road load test
          各缸工作均匀性试验
          cylinder variation test
          背压试验
          back pressure test
          最低稳定工作转速试验
          lowest continuous speed test with load

          背部泄漏试验
          back-leakage test
          调整试验
          adjustment test
          热平衡试验
          heat balance test
          快速磨损试验
          accelerated wear test
          热冲击试验
          thermo-shock test
          空载特性试验
          no-load characteristic test
          模拟增压试验
          simulated supercharging test
          停缸试验
          cylinder fuel-cut test
          增压机匹配试验
          turbo-charger matching test
          排气分析试验
          exhaust analysis test
          突变负荷试验
          sudden load change test
          稳定性试验
          stability test
          单缸熄火试验
          one cylinder shut off test
          例行检查试验
          routine inspection test
          验证试验
          verification test
          鉴定试验
          approval test
          可靠性试验
          reliability test
          ?#36884;?#24615;试验
          durability test
          定型试验
          type approval test
          验收试验
          acceptance test
          现场试验
          field test
          出厂试验
          delivery test
          抽查试验
          spot check test
          复查试验
          re-check test
          台架试验
          bench test
          强化试验
          hop-up test
          发动机试验台
          engine test bed
          底盘测功机
          chassis dynamometer
          测功机
          dynamometer
          水力测功机
          hydraulic dynamometer
          电涡流测功机
          eddy current dynamometer
          电力测功机
          electric dynamometer
          扭矩仪
          torque meter
          转速表
          tachometer
          温度测量
          thermometry
          温度测量仪器
          thermometric instruments
          空气流量测量
          air flow measurement
          热线风速仪
          hot wire anemometer
          电子示功仪
          electronic indicator
          燃烧分析仪
          combustion analyzer
          压力传感器
          pressure transducer
          精密声?#37117;?br> precision sound level meter
          排放
          emission
          排放物
          emission
          排气污染物
          gaseous pollutant
          蒸发排放物
          evaporative emission
          曲轴箱排放物
          crankcase emission
          漏气
          blowby gas
          氨氧化物
          oxids of nitrogen
          一气化碳
          carbon monoxide
          碳氢化合物
          hydrocarbon
          甲烷
          methane
          无甲烷碳氢化合物
          non-methane hydrocarbons
          光化学活性碳氢化合物
          photochemically reactive hydrocarbons
          微粒物
          particulated matter
          黑烟
          black smoke
          蓝烟
          blue smoke
          白烟
          white smoke
          碳烟
          soot
          光化学烟雾
          smog
          臭味
          odor
          丙烷
          propane
          排?#25490;?#24230;
          concentration of emission
          排气烟度
          exhaust smoke
          ?#32469;?#25490;气
          initial exhaust
          亚临界排气
          subcritical exhaust
          超临界排气
          supercritical exhaust
          强制排气
          forced exhaust
          自由排气
          free exhaust
          排气提前角
          exhaust advance angle
          排气迟后角
          exhaust lag angle
          排气热损失
          exhaust heat loss
          排气净化
          exhaust purification
          排气背压
          exhaust back pressure
          残余废气
          residual gas
          排气有害成分
          poisonous exhaust composition
          柴油机排烟
          diesel smoke
          综合排?#25490;?#24230;
          composite concentration of exhaust emission
          综合排放质量
          composite mass of exhaust emission
          排放系数
          emission factor
          排放率
          emission index
          质量排放量
          mass emission
          比排放量
          brake specific emission
          排放物控?#33889;?#32479;
          emission control system
          排气排放物控?#33889;?#32479;
          exhaust emission control system
          二次空气
          secondary air
          二次空气分配歧管
          secondary air distribution
          二次空气控?#21697;?br> secondary air control valve
          二次空气转换阀
          secondary air switching valve
          二次空气转流阀
          secondary air diverter valve
          二次空气喷射装置
          secondary air injection system
          二次空气喷射管
          secondary air injection tube
          二次空气喷射减速压阀
          secondary air injection relief valve
          脉动空气装置
          pulsating air system
          二次空气泵
          secondary air pump
          曲轴箱排放物控?#33889;?#32479;
          crankcase emission control system
          曲轴箱双通风系统
          crankcase closed system
          曲轴箱单通风系统
          crankcase sealed system
          曲轴箱强制通风装置
          positive crankcase ventilation
          PCV阀
          PCV valve
          蒸发排放物控?#33889;?#32479;
          evaporative emission control system

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