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          基本框架 basic framework
          办学效益 efficiency in school management
          协调发展 coordinated and balanced program of development
          教育投入 input in education
          优化教师队伍 optimize the teaching staff
          实行分区规划 practice regional planning
          社会参与 communal participation
          新增?#25237;?#21147; incoming labor force
          职前教育 pre-service education
          岗位培训 undergo job-specific training
          提高......的思想品德 enhance the moral awareness of ...
          职业道德 professional ethics
          重点学科 key disciplinary areas or priority fields of study
          (大学)专科 Major Types of Education in China short 2- to 3- year higher education programs
          扫盲班 literacy class
          注册人数 enrollment
          年龄段(层)age bracket
          反复灌输 inculcate
          希望工程 Project Hope
          学龄儿童 school-ager
          人才枯竭 exhaustion of human resources
          辍/失学青少年 school dropout/leaver
          基金会 foundation
          服务性行业 service trade
          在职培训 on-the-job/in-service training
          国际劳工组织 International Labor Organization
          基础科学 the fundamentals
          学分制 the credit system
          三学期制 the trimester system
          双学士制 a double BA degree system
          主副修制 a system of a major field of specialization plus a minor field
          教学、科研、生产的"三结合" "3-in-1 combination" involving teaching, research, and production
          三结合联合体 tripartite complex
          定向招生 students are admitted to be trained for pre-determined employers
          包分配 guarantee job assignments
          燎原计划 the Prairie Fire Program
          示范试点 demonstration pilot project
          结合、使加入 incorporate
          动员 mobilize
          税收 tax revenue
          多学科的 multi-disciplinary
          重点大学 key university
          被授权 be authorized to do
          博士后科研流动站 center for post-doctoral studies
          专业 specialty
          爱国人士 patriotic personage
          国家发明奖 National Invention Prize
          国家自然科学奖 National Prize for Natural Sciences
          国家科技进步奖 National Prize for Progress in Science and Technology
          学术报告会,专题讨论会 symposium
          记者招待会 press conference
          国家统计局 the State Statistical Bureau
          国家教育经费 national expenditure on education
          财政拨款 financial allocation
          半文盲 semiliterate; functional illiterate
          占百分比 account for ...%
          专任教师 full-time teacher
          资料?#34892;?data center
          国际文化交流 intercultural communication
          教育方针 guideline(s)/guiding principle(s) for education
          Education must serve the needs of socialist modernization, be integrated with productive labor, and train builders and successors who are well developed morally, intellectual and physically.
          a socialist education system with distinctive Chinese characteristics that meets the needs of socialist modernization and is oriented to the 21st century
          坚持社会主义方向 to keep to the socialist orientation
          身体好,学习好,工作好。Keep fit, study hard and work well.
          德才兼备 to combine ability with character; equal stress on integrity and ability
          成为有理想,有道德,有文化,守纪律的?#25237;?#32773; to become working people with lofty ideals, moral integrity, education and a sense of discipline
          Gear education to the needs of modernization, the world and the future
          爱国主义教育 education in patriotism
          国际主义教育 education in internationalism
          集体主义教育 education in collectivism
          共产主义教育 education in communism
          共产主义道德?#20998;?communist ethics
          政治思想教育 political and ideological education
          "Five Love": love the motherland, the people, labor, and science and take good care of public property.
          教书育人 to educate the person as well as impart book knowledge
          to cultivate the ability to analyze and solve concrete problems independently
          to help develop the ability of the students to think things out for themselves
          to foster the students' ability to study on their own
          发挥学生主动性、创造性 to give scope to the students' initiative and creativeness
          自学成才 to become educated through independent study
          启发式 elicitation method (of teaching); heuristic method
          填鸭式教学法 cramming/forced-feeding method of teaching
          ??#21344;?#25945;育 universal education
          义务教育 compulsory education; free education
          学前教育 preschool education
          初等教育 elementary education
          ?#26800;?#25945;育 secondary education
          高等教育 higher/tertiary education
          普遍教育 general education
          成人教育 adult education
          职业?#38469;?#25945;育 vocational and technical education
          高等学校 institution of higher education
          综合性大学 comprehensive university
          文科大学 university of liberal arts
          文科院校 colleges of art
          理工科大学 college/university of science and engineering
          师范大学 normal university; teachers' university
          师范学院 teachers' college
          工业大学 polytechnic university
          工业学院 engineering institute
          农业大学 agricultural university
          农学院 agricultural college
          医科大学 medical university
          医学院 medical college/school
          中医院 institute of traditional Chinese medicine
          音乐学院 conservatory of music
          美术学院 academy of fine arts
          体育学院 physical culture institute
          分校 branch school
          重点学校 key school
          业余学校 spare-time school
          业余职工大学 spare-time college for staff and workers
          电视广播大学 television and radio broadcasting university
          函授学院 correspondence school
          教师进修学校 teachers' college for vocational studies
          成人夜校 night school for adults
          业余艺术/体育学校 amateur arts/athletic school
          半工半读学校 part-work and part-study school
          ?#26800;?#19987;业学校 secondary specialized school; polytechnic school
          ?#26800;燃际?#23398;校 secondary technical school; technical secondary school
          职业学校 vocational school
          附中 attached middle school
          在职进修班 in-service training course
          进修班 class for advanced studies
          ?#33796;?#29677; short-term training course
          专修科 special (training) course
          自学?#38469;?self-taught examination
          教职员 teaching and administrative staff
          教学人员 the faculty; teaching staff
          中、小学校长headmaster/headmistress; principal
          大专院校校长 president; chancellor
          教务长 dean of studies
          (系)主任 chairman; chairperson
          副主任 vice-chairman
          教授 professor
          副教授 associate professor
          客座教授 visiting professor; guest professor
          讲师 lecturer
          助教 assistant
          专职教师 full-time teacher
          兼职教师 part-time teacher
          辅导员 assistant for political and ideological work
          教研室/组 teaching and research section/group
          教学组 teaching group
          教员休息室 staff room; common room
          母校 Alma Mater
          校友 alumnus; alumna
          学生会 students' union/association
          高年级学生 upper/higher grade pupil/student; pupil/student in senior grades
          低年级学生 lower grade pupil/student; pupil/student in junior grades
          走读生 day student; non-resident student
          住宿生 boarder
          旁听生 auditor
          研究生 graduate student; post-graduate (student)
          应届毕业生 graduating student/pupil; this year's graduates
          听课 to visit a class; to sit in on a class to attend a lecture
          公开课 open class
          课程 course; curriculum
          必修课 required/compulsory course
          选修课 elective/optional course
          基础课 basic course
          专业课 specialized course
          课程表 school timetable
          课外活动 extracurricular activities
          课外辅导 instruction after class
          课外阅读 outside reading
          课堂讨论 class discussion
          (大学的)研究小组;讨论会 seminar
          教学大纲 teaching program; syllabus
          教学内容 content of courses
          学习年限 period of schooling
          学历 record of formal schooling
          学年 school/academic year
          学期 (school)term; semester
          学分 credit
          分数 mark; grade
          五分制 the 5-grade marking system
          百分制 100-mark system
          学习成绩 academic record; school record
          成绩单 school report; report card; transcript
          毕业论文 thesis; dissertation
          毕业实习 graduation field work
          毕业设计 graduation ceremony
          毕业典礼 graduation ceremony; commencement
          毕业证书 diploma; graduation certificate
          毕业鉴定 graduation appraisal
          授予某人学位 to confer a degree on sb.
          升级 to be promoted to a higher grade
          留级 to repeat the year's work; to stay down
          补考 make-up examination
          升学t o go to a school of a higher grade; to enter a higher school
          升学率 proportion of students entering schools of a higher grade
          奖学金 scholarship
          (国家)助学金 (state)stipend/subsidy
          领取助学金的学生 a grant-aided student
          学费 tuition (fee)
          伙食费 board expenses
          伙食补助 food allowance


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